Heard the word cholesterol before? Everybody might have heard about it..but,what does it exactly mean? Cholesterol is both , a good and a bad thing. It is essential substance for the human body but an excess of it can be fatal. Basically,cholesterol is a waxy,fat-like substance in ones cells which helps in the making of hormones, vitamin D and other substances which help us digest food. However, an excess of this cholesterol can make a person sick and could lead a person towards dangerous conditions. Hypercholesterolemia is a condition in which a person has very high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Cholesterol travels through the blood and is attached to proteins. The combination of proteins and cholesterol is called lipoproteins. There are two types of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol in a body. They are; Low density liproprotein (˘LDL), LDL or bad cholesterol makes up most of your body’s cholesterol. LDL cholesterol builds up in the walls of a person’s arteries , which narrows and hardens them. High levels of LDL cholesterol raise the risk of heart diseases. High density lipoprotein (HDL), HDL or good cholesterol’s main function is to carry the cholesterol to the liver after absorbing it and then flushing it out from the body. When there is an excess of LDL cholesterol in one’s body , it can build up on the walls of the blood vessels. This is called plaque. As soon as plaque starts increasing,the insides of the blood vessels narrow out. Due to this narrowing, the blood to and from the heart and other organs is reduced drastically. As soon as the blood flow to the heart is blocked, it can cause angina (chest pain) or a dangerous heart attack. CAUSES OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL- Eating too much food rich in cholesterol,saturated and trans fats. Inactivity and smoking. Genetics. Familial hypercholesterolemia. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism may increase the risk of developing hypercholesterolemia. Lowering bad cholesterol and preventing clogging of arteries by using turmeric in hypercholesterolemia is an upcoming field of research. Though much has been done, there is a lot more of investigation and trials to be done. We have seen most of the experiments regarding turmeric and high cholesterol have been done on animals.
High blood pressure is the most prevalent chronic or lifestyle disease in India which is increasing rapidly among the urban and rural population..Quantification of the absolute burden and awareness about hypertension in India is critical as it is the leading modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Overall prevalence of HTN in India is approximately 30%. One third of urban adult Indians and close to one fourth of rural adult Indians are hypertensive. Among the general public , only one in fourth in the rural population are even aware that they have hypertension. Hypertension and diabetes are major silent killer diseases,which by and large affect all the major organs of our body. The low awareness and treatment levels among hypertensive patients signify a lower knowledge ,attitude,and practice level. Current strategies to control blood pressure do not seem to be working too well. Hypertension is adequately controlled in barely 20% of the population undergoing treatment. In view of the dismal status, urgent steps to improve health education and health promotion measures have to be made by the policy makers on a large scale, incorporating multicomponent and multilevel approaches for better managing BP among Indians. Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. People suffering from hypertension may have headaches,giddiness,shortness of breath or bleeding from the nose,but these symptoms aren’t always present and usually don’t occur until the blood pressure has reached a severe or life threatening stage. UNCONTROLLED HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAN LEAD TO COMPLICATIONS IN THE SHORT AND LONG TERM; Heart attack Heart failure Stroke Kidney failure Decreased ability to think,remember and learn Dementia RISK FACTORS OR INCREASED BLOOD PRESSURE IN INDIA ARE MAINLY; Smoking ,consumption of khaini or tobacco Sedentary habits Extra salt intake Low intake of dietary fruits and vegetables Stress Lifestyle intervention strategies,such as abstaining from tobacco,sodium reduction and weight loss,could aid int primary prevention of hypertension in our population.
Our body is constantly subjected to the environment around us..at any given point of time, we are inhaling ,swallowing and being infiltrated by micro-organisms through skin and mucous membrane ((tissue lining our gut and respiratory passages.) whether these microbes (referred to as ‘germs’ in common parlance) result in our falling sick or not,is dependent upon our body’s defense mechanism or immune system. The immune system is a complex and interactive network of our organs,cells and proteins that jointly create a defensive shield to protect our body from viruses,bacteria and any other external substances. It works continuously to kill and remove various pathogens (bacteria,virus,parasites or fungi) that manage to enter our body. The system also works to replace the body cells impacted by an illness,injury or infection. It is only when the immune system is breached that we experience bad health and illnesses. At times, it might under-perform and result in extreme infections and tumorous,etc. At the same time, an overly active immune system can cause allergies and autoimmunity diseases. The most incredible thing about our body’s immune system is its constant agility, self-evolution and awareness of the fight against bacteria or viruses that keep modifying themselves with the passage of time. There is a two-layered protection in place; INNATE IMMUNE SYSTEM- It works as a general defense against all threats posed by pathogens. ADAPTIVE IMMUNE SYSTEM- It identifies and attacks specific pathogens that the body has been previously exposed to. Both these aspects of the immune system work well in tandem and also react in the scenario of a pathogen or a harmful substance impacting the body.
Taking a dip in the swimming pool in summer is both,a matter of enjoyment as well as a source of respite from the heat.swimming as a recreational activity can be fun but there are some do’s and dont’s to keep it safe too. DO’S- WEAR GOGGLES WHILE SWIMMING- Swimming pools are usually treated with chlorine to reduce the chances of infection. This chlorine has a tendency to wash away the protective film of tears from our eyes,resulting in irritation,redness and watering of eyes. Additionally,chlorine by itself may be a source of irritation to the eyes. Moreover, despite chlorination,some bacteria may still persist in the pool which may harm the eyes by causing conjunctivitis. So it is advisable that kids wear goggles which cover the eyes completely,to physically protect their eyes in the pool. WASH YOUR EYES-Kids are advised to wash their eyes properly after getting out of the pool. This is to ensure that any chemical adherent to the eye will be washed out. Additionally,it also helps in soothing the eyes which may be irritated because of the loss of the tear film. USE SUN GLASSES AT THE POOL SIDE- A pair of sunglasses of good quality , which give protection from both UV a and UV b rays, and cover the eyes from all the sides is advisable while relaxing by the pool side. STAY HYDRATED- It is advisable to drink adequate amounts of fluids to counteract the dehydrating effect of summer as well as to reduce the chances of dry eyes in children who swim regularly. Fluids can include plain simple water,coconut water,buttermilk and fruit juices. Carbonated drinks are best avoided. DONT’S- AVOID CONTACT LENSES- Contact lenses must be removed and a glass of suitable power be used while swimming..swimming with contact lenses damages the lens. It also causes infected organisms to adhere to the lens or to the cornea which can result in severe irritation and even a serious infection of the cornea called infected keratitis. EWW adhering to the above set of instructions will make swimming both safe and enjoyable. So,just go ahead and take the plunge into the pool.
DEFINING LONELINESS- To comprehend the stark contrast between being surrounded by people and yet feeling lonely, we must first understand what loneliness really is. is it a result of our surroundings or something within us? Loneliness is an internal issue , a state of mind,and is more a result of the internal activity of our brain than our surroundings. It can affect people of all ages and disciplines. Children,adolescents,adults and even the elderly often prey to the subtle grasp of loneliness. It is surely triggered by our external environment but its lasting effect on our mental health is a result of our state of mind. Similar to the antibodies that protect from diseases,the mind must create a defense mechanism for its protection as well. ROOT CAUSE FOR YOUNG , SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE TO BE LONELY IN A MODERN-DAY SCENARIO- Success is always a heavy burden ,for it brings with it many unforeseen complications. These complications are inherently the root cause for loneliness. A young, successful person must play various roles as the day goes by. One of leader,a productive member of society, a loving member of a family, a vibrant part of the friends circle and the list goes on. With the pressure of fitting perfectly into every shoe, comes the daunting possibility of failure. This can cause the character to recede within itself. Every young individual must acquire the ability to adjust and adapt to all situations , without a loss in their true self or their true identity. External reactions or influences to our mind and character can only affect us if we do not receive them with grace, acceptance and humility. To become successful is an achievement in itself, to remain successful is a different story altogether. In the realm of yoga, to attain perfection over your experience is true success and with these simple guidelines , no situation or issue can keep you from bliss. Remain in a state of neutrality,gratitude and humility. Accept people from all walks of life with an open heart. Understand the true meaning of your existence and remain focused. Have no expectations of respect,gratitude , assistance or reasons for happiness from others. HOW TO MOTIVATE ONESELF TO DO YOGA? The first attempt must be to break out of the shell that is self-inflicted. Do not inhibit yourself from seeking help from family or friends to enable you to be more open minded. Yoga is a holistic approach to a better life through the parameters that truly matter, I.e.health,peace and happiness. Yoga accesses your mind through inner workings of your body. The physical practice of yoga asanas and pranayam gives you a healthy body. This healthy body gives you the opportunity to focus on the pursuit of contentment through Dayan and meditation. Fill your life with positive responsibilities towards your work,your personal dreams and ambitions , your family and your friends. Loneliness is the outcome of emptiness or an inability to fill your time with constructive , positive thoughts , activities and ideas. How you segregate your 24 hours to bring out the best version of yourself, will ensure that not a minute is spent in the doldrums of negativity or loneliness.